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Serbian epic poetry in those times has seen as the most effective way in preserving the national identity. Baroque trends in Serbian literature emerged in the late 17th century.
There are public libraries biggest of which are: National Library of Serbia in Belgrade with funds of about 5 million volumes, and Matica Srpska oldest Serbian cultural institution, founded in in Novi Sad with nearly 3.
Four symphonic orchestra operate in the country: The Choir of Radio Television of Serbia is a leading vocal ensemble in the country.
Traditional Serbian music includes various kinds of bagpipes , flutes , horns , trumpets , lutes , psalteries , drums and cymbals.
The kolo is the traditional collective folk dance, which has a number of varieties throughout the regions.
Sung epic poetry has been an integral part of Serbian and Balkan music for centuries. In the highlands of Serbia these long poems are typically accompanied on a one-string fiddle called the gusle , and concern themselves with themes from history and mythology.
Pop music has mainstream popularity. The Serbian rock which was during the s, s and s part of former Yugoslav rock scene , used to be well developed, featuring various rock genres, and was well covered in the media, which included numerous magazines, radio and TV shows.
During the s and s popularity of rock music declined in Serbia, and although several major mainstream acts managed to sustain their popularity, an underground and independent music scene developed.
The s saw a revival of the mainstream scene and the appearance of a large number of notable acts. In recent period turbo-folk featured even more pop music elements, and some of the performers were labeled as pop-folk.
Balkan Brass , or truba "trumpet" is a popular genre, especially in Central and Southern Serbia where Balkan Brass originated.
The music has its tradition from the First Serbian Uprising. The trumpet was used as a military instrument to wake and gather soldiers and announce battles, the trumpet took on the role of entertainment during downtime, as soldiers used it to transpose popular folk songs.
When the war ended and the soldiers returned to the rural life, the music entered civilian life and eventually became a music style, accompanying births, baptisms, weddings, and funerals.
There are two main varieties of this genre, one from Western Serbia and the other from Southern Serbia.
The Belgrade International Theatre Festival — BITEF , founded in , is one of the oldest theater festivals in the world, and it has become one of the five biggest European festivals.
The Serbian cinema is one of the most dynamic smaller European cinematographies. Serbia's film industry is heavily subsidised by the government, mainly through grants approved by the Film Centre of Serbia.
In , there were 17 domestic feature films produced. Some of the most prominent movie stars in Serbia have left celebrated heritage in cinematography of Yugoslavia as well.
The freedom of the press and the freedom of speech are guaranteed by the constitution of Serbia. Also, the media are now more heavily dependent on advertising contracts and government subsidies to survive financially.
According to AGB Nielsen Research in , Serbs on average watch five hours of television per day, making it the highest average in Europe.
Viewing shares for these channels in were as follows: There are radio stations in Serbia. Also, there are 34 regional stations and local stations.
There are newspapers published in Serbia  of which 12 are daily newspapers. Dailies Politika and Danas are Serbia's papers of record , former being the oldest newspaper in the Balkans, founded in There are 1, magazines published in the country.
There are two main news agencies, Beta and Fonet. As of [update] , out of web-portals mainly on the. Serbian cuisine is largely heterogeneous, sharing characteristics of the Balkans especially former Yugoslavia , the Mediterranean Greek in particular , Turkish , and Central European especially Austrian and Hungarian cuisines.
Food is very important in Serbian social life, particularly during religious holidays such as Christmas , Easter and feast days i. Staples of the Serbian diet include bread, meat, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products.
Bread is the basis of all Serbian meals, and it plays an important role in Serbian cuisine and can be found in religious rituals.
A traditional Serbian welcome is to offer bread and salt to guests. Meat is widely consumed, as is fish. Serbians claim their country as the birthplace of rakia rakija , a highly alcoholic drink primarily distilled from fruit.
Sports play an important role in Serbian society, and the country has a strong sporting history. The most popular sports in Serbia are football , basketball , tennis , volleyball , water polo and handball.
Professional sports in Serbia are organized by sporting federations and leagues in case of team sports. Football is the most popular sport in Serbia, and the Football Association of Serbia with , registered players, is the largest sporting association in the country.
The rivalry between the two clubs is known as the " Eternal Derby ", and is often cited as one of the most exciting sports rivalries in the world. Serbia is one of the traditional powerhouses of world basketball, as Serbia men's national basketball team have won two World Championships in and , three European Championships , , and and two Olympic silver medals in and as well.
The women's national basketball team won the European Championship in and Olympic bronze medal in KK Partizan basketball club was the European champion.
Recent success of Serbian tennis players has led to an immense growth in the popularity of tennis in the country. There were two No.
The Serbia men's tennis national team won the Davis Cup while Serbia women's tennis national team reached the final at Fed Cup.
Serbia is one of the leading volleyball countries in the world. The women's national volleyball team are current world Champions , has won European Championship twice as well as Olympic silver medal in The Serbia men's national water polo team is the second most successful national team after Hungary, having won Olympic gold medal in , three World Championships , and , and seven European Championships in , , , , , and , respectively.
Other noted Serbian athletes include: The most important annual sporting events held in the country are Belgrade Marathon and Tour de Serbie cycling race.
The public holidays in Serbia are defined by the Law of national and other holidays in the Republic of Serbia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. For other uses, see Serbia disambiguation and Serb Republic disambiguation.
Location of Serbia green and the disputed territory of Kosovo light green in Europe dark grey. Names of the Serbs and Serbia and Origin hypotheses of the Serbs.
Timeline of Serbian history. Prehistoric sites in Serbia. Lepenski Vir culture figure, BC Right: Roman heritage in Serbia.
Serbia in the Middle Ages. Ottoman Serbia and Great Migrations of the Serbs. World War II persecution of Serbs. Breakup of Yugoslavia and Republic of Serbia — Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
List of rivers of Serbia and List of lakes of Serbia. List of protected natural resources in Serbia. Foreign relations of Serbia. States which recognize the Province of Kosovo as an integral part of Serbia.
States which recognize Kosovo as an independent country. Serbian Armed Forces and Military history of Serbia. Administrative divisions of Serbia. Demographics of Serbia and Demographic history of Serbia.
Ethnic composition Serbs. Largest cities or towns in Serbia . Religion in Serbia and Serbian Orthodox Church. Languages of Serbia and Serbian language.
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November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Tara National Park in western Serbia. Kopaonik , ski resort in south-central Serbia.
Subotica , city built in Art Nouveau style, northern Serbia. Serbian art and Serbian architecture. Serbia portal Serbian cuisine portal. Szerbia ; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia ; Slovak and Czech: Retrieved 18 December Retrieved 23 January United Nations Development Programme.
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In het noordelijke Vojvodina overheerst echter het Latijnse alfabet, terwijl in het zuiden en oosten vaak het cyrillisch wordt gebruikt.
Het Servisch wordt geheel fonetisch geschreven. Dit betekent dat de uitspraak van een woord niet verschilt van de schrijfwijze.
Verspreid over het land zijn er vele orthodoxe kloosters. In Belgrado staat het grootste orthodoxe kerkgebouw ter wereld, de Savakathedraal.
In het westen en noorden wonen minderheden katholieken en protestanten. Aan het hoofd staat een president. De recentste presidentsverkiezingen werden gehouden in april Het land vroeg op 22 december officieel het lidmaatschap aan en heeft al verklaard dat de Kosovokwestie los van de interesse in toetreding tot de EU moet worden gezien.
In heeft Kosovo , een Servische provincie met een meerderheid Albanezen , unilaterale onafhankelijkheid uitgeroepen. Tot nu toe hebben landen Kosovo erkend, waaronder 23 van de 28 EU-landen.
De Europese Unie streeft ernaar om Kosovo een volledig onafhankelijk land te laten worden. Qua openbaar vervoer is de bus veruit het gemakkelijkste en comfortabelste vervoermiddel om mee te reizen.
Steden en dorpen worden door meerdere bussen per dag met elkaar verbonden. Er zijn ook internationale connecties naar de omringende landen en verder — maatschappij Eurolines verbindt Belgrado zelfs met Zweden.
Het busvervoer is in verhouding wel iets duurder dan de trein, maar de trein rijdt over het algemeen minder frequent en is bovendien langzamer.
Er zijn verbindingen door grote delen van het land. In is men begonnen met Chinese hulp om de spoorlijn Belgrado-Budapest geschikt te maken voor een baanvaksnelheid van km per uur.
Aan een andere snelweg, de E, wordt inmiddels hard gebouwd: Als de aartsvader van de Servische muziek wordt wel Stevan Mokranjac beschouwd.
Op 20, 22 en 24 mei werd daarom het muziekfestival in de Belgrado Arena in Belgrado georganiseerd. In Novi Sad vindt ieder jaar in juli het popfestival Exit plaats.
Internationaal bekende artiesten treden er op. De grootste Servische artiesten hebben hier reeds opgetreden. De Servische televisie zendt de festiviteiten rechtstreeks uit.
In vierde het festival zijn jarig bestaan. Voetbal is een van de populairste sporten van het land. Laatstgenoemde wist in de overwinning van het prestigieuze toernooi Roland Garros op haar naam te schrijven.
Atlas op Wikimedia Commons.